Kinds of Energy – 7 Affordable and Clean Energy

Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy


Energy terms and what are the alternatives to conventional energy sources?

The students find out the advantages and disadvantages for the different kinds of energy sources.


stopwatch2+ Hours

circular-line-with-word-age-in-the-center13 – 21 years old

group-of-three-men-standing-side-by-side-hugging-each-other1 – 4 participants


Learning Objectives

  • – knowledge of Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
  • – knowledge about different kinds of energy
  • – knowledge about what is clean energy and new sources to sustainable energy
  • – to find solutions
  • – to discuss advantages and disadvantages

Behavioural competences

  • Reduce (conventional) energy consumption in different kinds of ways


  • We are running out of oil – what to do? Who owns the natural resources?

Lifelong learning key competences

Social and civic competencies
Mathematical competence and basic competences in science and technology


Worksheets – energy sources (print outs – below)


Print out the worksheets

Useful videos to introduce the goal/theme:

#GlobalGoals 7: Affordable and Clean Energy – Can you make it happen?

The Energy Revolution (6.30 min)

Why 2016 Could Be a Turning Point the Energy Revolution


Make a plenary brainstorm on energy terms.
2) In groups: What kinds of energy sources are available? Categorize them into renewable and non-renewable sources by using the worksheets.
What advantages and disadvantages are there? Use the template “Energy1” and “Energy2”.
3) Discuss the results in plenary
Further discussion:
a. In the future, what types of energy will be used? Why?
b. When alternatives to coal and gas already exist – why is it not more widely used?


Complete the reflection work sheet connected to goal no. 7
The first part of the work sheet is to be completed before class, but the remaining parts are to be used for summing up and evaluating the theme in class.

Followup suggestions

Look at the other exercises connected to goal no. 7 – Affordable and Clean Energy

Ideas for actions

”If you are a woman, know your rights and stand up for them”, “Make gender equality part of training and education. Young people should be supported in choosing jobs that advance their future, regardless of their gender”. Read more about the 170 daily actions here:

Reflection Sheet

Appendix 1 – Diff kinds of energy – start up

Appendix 2 – Diff kinds…EnergyConventional

Appendix 3 – Diff kinds…EnergyRenewable